Vulnerability Contexts 

The project ‘Reshaping Attention and Inclusion Strategies for Distinctively vulnerable people among the forcibly displaced’ (RAISD) aims at discovering highly vulnerable groups (VG) among Forcibly Displaced People [the FDP], analyse their specific needs regarding integration and well-being, and identify suitable practices aimed at improving their inclusion in host societies.

The key issue is to understand how vulnerabilities take place and materialise along the migration process according to personal interviews, focus groups and field research. It is of key importance relying on primary sources (mainly Arabic) in order to have an innovative database of statistics and adopt a different perspective in dealing with migration history.

The development of Vulnerability Contexts [the VCs] will deliver that information. Through the records of multiple persons in different situations, the project rebuilds the medium and long-term perspectives on the issues affecting specific VGs. This to offer new fine-grained insights in the landscape of FD. Moreover, the considered approach (Social and Computer Sciences techniques) will let that VGs, VCs and patterns emerge from the actual data, reducing the unintended biases that observers and researchers frequently bring to results. For instance, to discover VGs that go unnoticed among the mainstream of FDP, or specific gender-related situations.

Definition and identification of Vulnerability Contexts

The treatment of phenomena related to VGs in FD requires understanding the context where they happen. This context involves three components. First, the people of the VG, with their vital trajectories, contexts of departure, and individual vicissitudes. Second, the host environments and their societies, with their history, culture, socio-economic situation, civil society, and attitudes towards FDP and VGs. Third, the interactions between the previous two elements.

The research process needs to include:

  • Discussion on relevant information to characterize VGs and host communities (e.g. features, values and relations).
  • Identification of relevant features to characterise a VC as the triple that includes a VG, a host community, and their interactions.
  • Definition of VC.
  • Guidelines for the identification of VCs.

Sharing Results

FIELDOWRK with FORCIBLY Displaced People and Stakeholders active for inclusion processes


D4.2 Vulnerability Context (VC): Definition [September 2021]

*Preliminary version D4.1 [March 2020]

This document includes: Discussion on relevant information to characterize Vulnerable Groups (VG) and host communities (e.g. features, values and relations) | Identification of relevant features to characterise a VC as the triple that includes a VG, a host community, and their interactions | Definition of VC | Guidelines for the identification of VCs.

D4.3 Vulnerability Context: EU Catalogue [September 2021]

Catalogue of VCs gathering broad range of information on FDP and their host communities. Information will be analysed and distilled to characterise VGs of FDP host communities: socio-demographic information, statistical data, narratives, cultures artefacts and interactions. Information gathered by ARUs, Advisory Board and stakeholders.


Tailored Attention and Inclusion Practices

Institutions and organisations providing services to immigrants are not always aware of all the vulnerability factors that shape the needs of their clients. Integration strategies and daily work are also conditioned by scarce financial and human resources, and tend to seek one-size-fits-all solutions. Therefore, a careful evaluation of possible strategies for the attention, reception, and settlement of vulnerable migrants is necessary. Efforts to adapt these strategies to specific contexts should, however, be based on up-to-date research results and a screening of existing or previously implemented good practices.

RAISD’s novel approach to the topic aims at developing Tailored Attention and Inclusion Strategies (TAIS) which define effective practices (i.e. highly scored by stakeholder criteria) for a given vulnerability context (as defined by field research). The correspondence between vulnerability contexts, implemented practices and criteria for their evaluation is ensured by a constant coordination of several consortium members. In three pilot rounds (between April 2020 and October 2021), TAIS are being designed, implemented and evaluated in seven participating countries. The pilots hold the promise of delivering evidence-based policy tools for differentiated attention and integration policies, tested in very different geographic, economic and social contexts.


Tailored Attention and Inclusion Strategies

Snapshot, July 2020


D5.1 Catalogue of attention and inclusion practices for FDP in the EU influence area [January 2020]

Description of current attention and inclusion strategies for groups of FDP in partner countries

D7.4 TAIS EVALUATION CRITERIA: actor-oriented and integrated evaluation [September 2021]

*Preliminary version D7.3 [March 2020]

This document analyses the evaluation criteria for attention and inclusion practices in different VCs. It will start with the criteria used by different types of stakeholders in those contexts. The integrated criteria are applied only to VCs and TAISs. It includes:

  • Stakeholders’ evaluation of project results (VCs, TAISs, their catalogues, and methodologies).
  • Identification of the key aspects in actors’ evaluation.
  • Characterisation of the actor-oriented evaluation criteria.
  • Identification of extreme actors’ positions on evaluation criteria.
  • Characterisation of the integrated evaluation criteria from actor-oriented evaluation criteria.
  • Validation Report of the integrated vs the actor-oriented evaluation criteria through experiments.
  • Report on the validation of the integrated vs the actor-oriented evaluation criteria in the ARU pilots.

D5.3 Tailored Attention and Inclusion Practices (TAIS): Definition and Guidelines [October 2021]

*Preliminary version D5.2 [June 2020] 

This deliverable will formally define TAIS as effective practices (i.e. highly scored by criteria) for a given context. It will describe the correspondence between VCs, practices and criteria for their evaluation.

D5.4 Catalogue of TAIS for VGs [November 2021]

Catalogue of identified TAISs as VCs with related attention and inclusion practices that are highly scored with actor-oriented criteria. It will contain existing TAIS identified in literature and practice, as well as those developed in ARUs. This adaptation constitutes a paradigm shift in FDP attention, moving from a general perspective to acknowledging the heterogeneity among FDP and the need of specific integration policies for distinctively VGs. Validation of the catalogue by the correspondence among TAISs and actual effective attention and inclusion practices for the identified VCs. Geographical and cultural adaptations to ensure target and context specific material is delivered.

D7.2 TAIS Cross-pilot workshop reports [October 2021]

Reports on cross-pilot workshops. They gather knowledge on TAISs application (e.g. barriers and enablers) from multiple pilots. These workshops will be also intended to facilitate exchange between scientific and societal actors. Main objective of this is to provide a critical perspective on how pilots are progressing and also to generate some initiatives on how to further improve project aspects over the duration of the project.

D3.4 TAIS Tailored Attention and Inclusion Practices, METHODOLOGY [January 2022]

* Preliminary version D3.3 [October 2020]

Pilot tested and validated Methodology for the identification of Vulnerability Contexts and the development of TAISs. This methodology and its related guidelines should allow interested stakeholders out of the consortium to continue applying these elements in new settings. It will be its generalisation to any context of Forcibly Displaced. It includes Methodological framework, Application guidelines, Evaluation procedures.

D3.5 Recommendations on the adoption of a TAIS-oriented approach [January 2022]

Catalogue of actor-oriented recommendations for the effective implementation of the TAIS methodology. These will be tailored when needed to specific VCs, e.g. depending on the host community or country. Recommendations will range in scope from the world level (useful for instance to UNHCR) to the local level, with attention to European (targeted to EC), and country (e.g. national government) levels.