Syrian refugee women in Jordan – Working conditions and registration in the Jordanian social security

Forced Migration, Labor, Livelyhood, Health and Daily Life

by Hasan Al Bakfany

Research Summary

Most refugee women work in the Jordanian labor market in exceptional circumstances, as many Syrian refugee women do not have ample opportunities to work fairly, and many of them lose their rights to register in social security, the levels of wages they receive, compared to the levels of wages imposed according to the Jordanian (where the minimum wage is 220 Jordanian dinars for a worker), working with a work contract and no official registration for them as workers, which makes them lose the right to compensation in the event of work injuries, and to obtain their rights (appropriate salaries and wages) from employers. The researcher aims to show the percentages of Syrian refugee women working in the Jordanian labor market, the percentages of them registered in the Jordanian Social Security Corporation, working conditions and sectors in which they work, and the impact of the Coronavirus pandemic and the ban imposed on their work.

“Most of the Syrian refugee women working in Jordan do not enjoy optimal and legal work rights “.
Likewise, “most of the working Syrian refugee women, who constitute 20% of the working refugees, do not have the right to register with the Jordanian Social Security Institution “.

Many women working in the Jordanian market, whether in agriculture, trade, or other sectors, are ignorant of the benefits of registering for social security, and are ignorant of their rights at work, so the researcher will carry out his research on the community of Syrian refugee women in Jordan, whose distribution is concentrated in the northern governorates In the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Mafraq, Irbid, Amman, Zarqa, and the Syrian refugee camps). The researcher will choose the research sample according to the snowball method. Where data will be collected from the study sample using the direct interview method, and a questionnaire will be filled out for the study.

The researcher hopes to fill the social and legal gaps that prevent the registration of refugee women working in the Social Security Institution in Jordan, focus on developing job opportunities suitable for them, highlight the inhuman conditions of work and the violations that refugee women working in the Jordanian labor market are exposed to. The researcher hopes to present appropriate proposals to save many women from exploitation in the Jordanian labor market, and to submit proposals that contribute to developing job opportunities in light of the exceptional and harsh conditions resulting from the Covid-19 pandemic.


Hasan Suliman Albakfany

After studying a Bachelor of Business Administration at the Faculty of Economics, University of Damascus, I applied to Jordan in 2010 to study a Master’s in Banking and Financial Sciences at Yarmouk University in Irbid, northern Jordan. Now He is a Syrian refugee in Jordan.
After the Syrian crisis in 2011, he turned to attention to the Syrian issue, specifically the issue of refugees, their rights, and the political and social conditions of Syrians in light of the Syrian humanitarian crisis, the conditions of war and the violations committed against them.
He participated in many workshops and trainings prepared by international and international organizations targeting Syrian refugees in Jordan, including a preparation-track course with the Spanish Agency for Development in cooperation with the Center for Strategic Studies in Jordan. He also finished with an excellent degree, studying a diploma in “Refugee and Forced Migration Studies” with the support of the German Agency for International Development (GIZ) at the University of Jordan, Center for Strategic Studies, in 2020. With the University of Lund, a diploma in the reform of the judicial sector and the security and military sectors with an excellent degree. He participated in a workshop entitled “Social Initiatives, Advocacy and Mobilization” with the Institute for War and Peace Reporting, a workshop for women’s empowerment with GIZ, and other workshops and training. He also participated in establishing many Syrian political bodies, and participated in the Madrid Conference for the Syrians in 2014. He worked on researches related to studies of extremism and terrorism, initiatives to combat violence against women, in connection with a study on under-enrolled children in Syria and others.
He is constantly seeking to study developments on the local and international arena, and is interested in studies of extremism, violence and terrorism, as Syria has suffered from in previous years and is still. It also tries to seize opportunities to educate the asylum community and raise its level of knowledge by all possible means, with the aim of finding suitable opportunities to rebuild the Syrian society according to the values of love and peace.
He hopes to be able to achieve an optimal level of participation in the RESEARCH FOR CHANGE: GENDER, FORCED MIGRATION AND VULNERABILITIES program.